Use plain English if you want to stay out of court. Writing in clear plain English can save companies time and money by avoiding unnecessary legal costs.
The booklet – ‘Plain English and the law: the legal consequences of clear and unclear communication’ – is a joint initiative by the National Adult Literacy Agency and Mason Hayes and Curran.
It presents ‘lessons’ from three Irish legal cases where language interpretation was central to the outcome of the court case.
The aim of the Plain English Awards is to reward organisations that communicate clearly in plain English. Over fifty organisations entered the competition by submitting documents that they thought were good examples of plain English and an independent panel of plain English experts judged the entries.
As clear as mud: the Bewley’s rent review case.
This case was about a 35 year lease over the site of the Bewley’s Café on Grafton street in Dublin. The tenant, Bewley’s Café, and the landlord, Ickendel Limited, disputed the sections of their lease that dealt with ‘rent review’ and in particular the expression or clause referring to “preceding period”.
The tenant’s view was that the level of rent could go up or down after each rent review but that the amount could not fall below the rate it was first set at in 1987 (£168,000). But the Landlord took a very different view.
The Landlord interpreted the clause as providing for an “upwards only” rent review mechanism. Having an upwards only rent review mechanism in a lease means that the rent can either stay the same or go up after each review period but that it could not be reduced.
The case went to the High Court where it was found in favour of the Tenant, and then the decision was appealed to the Supreme Court who ended up finding in favour of the Landlord. That is, that the rent review clause was actually an upwards only rent review clause.
This judgment makes it clear that it is important that documents are clearly drafted to accurately reflect what is intended by both parties. If the Lease had been drafted so that it was clear how the rent review mechanism was to work, then the parties would not have ended up in dispute. This would have avoided the hassle, time and costs of going to court.
The case, in both courts, remains a lesson in the importance of clear written communication.
The National Adult Literacy Agency (NALA) is a charity committed to making sure people with literacy difficulties can fully take part in society. In Ireland, one in six adults has difficulty understanding basic written text.
Mason Hayes & Curran is an award-winning business law firm providing strategic and commercial legal advice in Ireland. One of the firm’s key objectives is to ensure that legal advice is clear and accurate.